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人教版英语七下Unit6单词知识梳理、词汇句式精讲,初中在线课程:LOL赛事押注

发布时间:2021-10-04人气:
本文摘要:Unit6 Im watching TV.Unit 6单词 (音标)newspaper [nju:z,peɪpə] n.报纸read a newspaper看报纸use [ju:z] v.使用;运用soup [su:p] n.汤make soup做汤wash [wɒʃ] v.洗movie [mu:vɪ] n.影戏go to the movies看影戏just [dʒʌst]adv.只是;恰好eat out出去用饭house [haʊs] n.屋子drink [drɪŋk]

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Unit6 I'm watching TV.Unit 6单词 (音标)newspaper ['nju:z,peɪpə] n.报纸read a newspaper看报纸use [ju:z] v.使用;运用soup [su:p] n.汤make soup做汤wash [wɒʃ] v.洗movie ['mu:vɪ] n.影戏go to the movies看影戏just [dʒʌst]adv.只是;恰好eat out出去用饭house [haʊs] n.屋子drink [drɪŋk] v.喝 n.饮料tea [ti:] n.茶;茶叶drink tea品茗tomorrow [tə'mɒrəʊ] adv.在明天n.明天;未来pool [pu:l] n.游泳池;水池shop [ʃɒp] v.购物 n.商店supermarket ['su:pə(r),mɑ:(r)kət] n.超市man [mæn] n.男子;人race [reɪs] n.竞赛host [həʊst] n.主人;东道主study ['stʌdɪ] v.&n.学习;研究state [steɪt] n.州theUnited States [ju:'naɪtɪd' steɪts](of American)(abbr. the US,theUSA)美国;美利坚合众国American [ə'merɪkən] adj.美国的n.美国人;美洲人dragon ['dræɡən] n.龙Dragon Boat Festival 端午节any ['enɪ] adj.任何的;任一的pron.任何;任一;other ['ʌðə (r)]adj.另外的,其他的pron.另外的人(或物)young [jʌŋ] adj.幼小的,年轻的child [tʃaɪld] n.儿童(pl.children/['tʃɪldrən])miss [mɪs] v.纪念;忖量wish [wɪʃ] v.希望delicious [dɪ'lɪʃəs] adj.适口的;鲜味的still [stɪl] adv.还;仍然living room ['lɪvɪŋ]客厅Steve [sti:v]史蒂夫(男名)Laura ['lɔ:rə]劳拉(女名)Unit6 知识梳理【重点短语】1.watch TV看电视2. read a newspaper 看报纸3. talk on the phone 通过电话攀谈4. listen to a CD 听CD5. a useful book 一本有用的书6. make soup 做汤7. wash the dishes 洗碟子8. go to the movies 去看影戏9. at home 在家10. eat out 在外面吃11. drink tea 品茗12.Dragon Boat Festival 端午节13. make zongzi 包粽子14. watch the boat races 看龙舟角逐15. the night before the festival 节日前的晚上16. any other night 任何其他的晚上17. his host family 他的投止家庭18. read a story to sb 读故事给某人19. miss sb. 忖量某人miss doing sth 错过做某事20. wish to do sth希望做某事wish sb to do sth希望某人做某事hope to do sth希望做某事21. no place like home 没有地方像家一样22. in the United States 在美国23. study for a test 为一个考试而学习【重点句型】1.一 What are they doing?他们在干什么?—They’re listening to a CD.他们在听光碟。2. That sounds good.那听起来挺不错的。3. Not much,I'm just washing my clothes. What about you?没忙什么,只是在洗衣服.你呢?4. Do you want to join me for dinner? My parents aren't at home. We can eat out.你愿意和我一块吃晚饭吗?我爸妈不在家,我们可以下馆子用饭。

5. —Are you doing your homework.你在做家庭作业吗?—Yes, I am/No,I’m not. I'm cleaning my room.是的/不,我在扫除房间。6. —Are they using the computer?他们在使用电脑吗?—Yes, they are/No, they aren’t. They're exercising.是的/不,他们在磨炼。7. Why are Zhu Hui's family watching boat races and making zongzi.为何朱辉全家看划船角逐而且包粽子呢?8. So it’s like any other night for Zhu Hui and his host family.所以对朱辉和他的房东家人来说,今晚宁静时的晚上是一样的。9. But there’s still “no place like home. ”可是“千好,万好,不如自己的家好。

”10. Zhu Hui misses his family and wishes to have his mom's delicious zongzi.朱辉很是想家并盼愿着能吃到到妈妈包的鲜味粽子。【写作话题】本单元以人们正在举行的运动话题,用现在举行时形貌自己或他人正在举行的运动。

【写作题目】假设你叫魏梅,凭据下面提示给你的朋侪Helen 写一张明信片,先容一下你和你的家人正在做什么,不少于60词。提示:现在是星期三晚上八点,你的爷爷和爸爸在下象棋,奶奶和妈妈在看电视,姐姐在房间看书,哥哥在玩电脑游戏。你们很开心。

【优秀满分范文】Dear Helen ,How are you? It’s eight o’clock in the evening now. What are you doing now? People in my family are doing different things. My brother is playing computer games. You see, he likes playing games very much. My grandpa and my father are playing chess. My grandma and my mother are watching TV and my sister is reading a book in her room. We are having a good time.See you soon. Love, Wei MeiUnit6 词汇解说1. newspaper(1)newspaper意为“报纸”,是可数名词。“在报纸上”用英语表现为“in the/a newspaper”,不能用介词on。

我们日常所说的晨报/晚报是morning / evening newspapers。例如: She likes collecting old newspapers. 她喜欢收集旧报纸。(2)newspaper是由news和paper组成的合成词,合成词是一种重要的构词法,对我们影象单词很有资助。

例如: bed + room→ bedroom 卧室 class + room →classroom 课堂 head + phone →headphone 耳机 police + man→ policeman 警员 basket + ball→basketball 篮球2. use(1)use 动词,意为“使用,运用”;其形容词形式为useful,意为“有用的,有益的”。例如: Can I use your phone? 我能用一下你的电话吗? Thanks for giving me such a useful book. 谢谢你给我这么一本有用的书。拓展:use&withuse动词在句子中作谓语,表现用途。

I use the pen to write. 我用钢笔写字。with介词在句中作状语,表现方式。

I write with a pen. 我用钢笔写字。(2)use 也可以作名词, 意为“使用,用途,用法”。不外此时的读音为/ ju:s /。例如: I’m sure you’ll think of a use for it. 我相信你会给这工具找到用途的。

3. moviemovie 是名词,意为“影戏”。“go to the movies” 意为“去看影戏”,同意短语有“go to the cinema, go to see a film”。例如: I often go to the movies with my classmates on weekends. 周末我经常和我的同学去看影戏。拓展:movie&filmmovie是美式英语,the movies 指影戏院;“go to the movies”是美式英语的“去看影戏”。

例如:Let’s go to the movies. 我们去看影戏吧。film是英式英语,英式英语中去看影戏是“go to the cinema/ go to see a film”。例如: I have seen a very interesting film recently. 最近我看了一部很是有趣的影戏。4. just(1)just可以作副词,意思是“正好,恰好”;也可以表现“适才,刚刚”,常用于肯定句。

例如: That’s just what I wanted. 那正是我所要的。I’m just out of hospital. 我刚刚出院。(2)just 还可以作形容词,意为“公正的,正义的,公正的”。

例如: This was a just decision, so everyone accepted it. 这是一个公正的决议,所以大家接受它。5. drink(1)drink 可作动词,意为“喝,饮”。如果是不及物动词,有“喝酒”之意。例如: I want to drink some water. 我想喝些水。

Don’t drink and drive. 不要喝酒驾车。(2)drink作不行数名词,意为“饮料”;作可数名词, 意为“一杯或者一份饮料”。例如: What kind of drink would you like? 你想要什么饮料? I want three drinks. 我想要3杯饮料。

6. shop(1)shop可用作动词,意为“购物”;“go shopping/do some shopping”意为“去购物”。常见的类似用法另有: go swimming /do some swimming去游泳 go skating去溜冰 go fishing去钓鱼 go boating去划船 do some reading阅读 do some washing洗涮 do some cooking做饭 do some speaking多说 do some listening多听(2)shop 可用作名词,意为“商店”。

例如: Let’s go to the shop. 让我们去商店吧。拓展:shop, store&supermarket1)store 和shop 作名词时,均有“商店,商场”之意,基本上可以通用, 美国人常用store,英国人常用shop。store和shop作动词时,划分意为“蕴藏”和“购物”。例如: These vegetables are stored for this store. 这些蔬菜是为这家商店蕴藏的。

Mrs. Green often shops at the shop near her house. 格林夫人经常在她家四周的商店里买工具。2)supermarket 指自选市场,往往比store,shop 谋划规模大,谋划时间长。例如: She likes doing shopping in the supermarket, because she thinks a supermarket has more goods than a shop. 她喜欢到超市买工具,因为她认为超市的货物比商店的货物多。

7. racerace 名词,意为“竞赛”。relay race 意为“接力赛”,100-metre race 意为“百米赛跑”。

例如: I won the 100-meter race. 我赢了一百米赛跑。拓展:race&game二者都有角逐的意思,区别如下:(1)race 主要表现赛跑、赛马(车、船)等速度方面的角逐,指从起点到终点的角逐。例如: a horse race 赛马 a 10-kilometer race 10公里赛跑(2)在美式英语中,game指决议胜负的游戏,通常有一套规则,凡到场者均需遵守。

不管是户内或者户外,脑力或者体力的角逐,都可以叫game。英式英语中则用match,此时game与match可以交换。

例如: a football game 足球角逐 a basketball game 篮球角逐 the Olympic Games 奥林匹克运动会 8. study(1)study 作动词,意为“学习,研究”,其第三人称单数为studies。例如: He studies in a Chinese school. 他在一所中国学校学习。拓展:study&learn1)study 偏重于学习的历程。

用于表现较高深或者周密的“研究”。例如: He is studying the math problem. 他正在研究这个数学问题。2)learn 偏重于学习的效果,意为“学会”,用于低级阶段的学习。

“learn from sb.”意为“向某人学习”。例如: He learns English on the radio. 他通过广播学英语。

(2)study 还可以作名词,意为“学习,书房”。例如: He went swimming after an hour’s study. 他完成一个小时的研究后去游泳了。My father is reading newspapers in his study. 我爸爸在书房里看报。

9. else 和otherelse和other都是形容词,意为“此外;其他的”。但两者用法差别。(1)else常用于修饰不定代词,疑问代词或疑问副词,也可以修饰all, much, little 等词,修饰这些词时,else要位于其后,作后置定语。

例如: Would you try something else? 你要试试此外吗? Nobody else in my school comes fromAmerica. 我们学校没有其它人来自美国。Are you going anywhere else? 你们另外还要去那里?(2)other 作形容词,用以修饰名词或代词,作定语。例如: Where are the other books? 其他的书在那里? Do you have any other questions? 你另有此外问题吗?(3)other作代词,可以单独作主语、宾语、表语,其复数形式为others. 例如: Some students are playing under the tree. Others are flying kites over there. 一些学生在树下玩,另有一些在那里放鹞子。10. miss(1)miss 作动词,意为“纪念,忖量”,后可以接名词、代词或者动名词作宾语。

例如: She missed her mother badly. 她很是忖量她的母亲。I missed working with you. 我纪念和你一起事情的时光。(2)miss 作动词还可以表现“错过,没遇上”。

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例如: He arrived too late and missed the train. 他到的太晚,没遇上火车。I missed the chance to go to college. 我错过了上大学的时机。

(3)miss 的首字母大写,即Miss,意为“小姐,老师”。通常用于未婚女性的姓氏前。

例如: Miss Li is our English teacher. 李老师是我们的英语老师。11. househouse 名词,可以指“屋子”,也可以指“家”。

例如: The old man lived in an old house. 这位老人住在一栋老屋子里。My house is far from our school. 我家离学校远。

拓展:home, family&house词语用法则句house指“衡宇、住房、住宅”,指家人所居住的修建物。We are going to move to the new house. 我们将迁入新房。

family指“家人、家、家庭”,是一种社会意义上的团体,不指住房。My family are early risers. 我们全家都是早起的人。home“家”,指家人配合生活的地方,强调家的气氛和情况,是一个带有情感色彩的名词。

I must go home now. 我现在必须回家了。12. stillstill是副词,意为“仍然,还”。

例如: The teacher is still at work in his office. 老师还在办公室里事情。拓展:still与yet的辨析:(1)still意为“还,仍然”,多用于肯定句,也可用于否认句和疑问句中,还可以修饰形容词或副词的比力级,意为“越发”,相当于even。例如: Li Lei and Lin Tao are still neck and neck. 李雷和林涛还是齐头并进。

I still don’t understand it. 我仍然不明确它。(2)yet用作副词,意为“还,已经,仍然”,表现某事尚未完成,多用于否认句或者疑问中。

例如: Have they arrived yet? 他们已经到了吗? The party is not over. We can’t leave yet. 聚会没有竣事,我们还不能脱离。练一练:Ⅰ. 英汉互译。1. 看报纸 _______ 2. talk on the phone _______ 3. 去看影戏______ 4. make soup_______ 5. 使用电脑________ 6. listen to a CD _______7. 明天见_______ 8. drink tea ________ 9. TV show ________ 10. 与某人住在一起 _______Ⅱ. 凭据句意和首字母提示补全单词。

1. Mrs. King likes s_______ at the supermarket.2. Do you want to go to the m______ tonight?3. Mr. Wang is reading a n______ in his room now.4. May I u______ your ruler?5. Wei Hua’s father often drinks t______ after dinner.6. He is j______ 10 years old, but he can wash himself.7. He often help o______. We must learn from him.8. I m______ parents very much. I haven’t seen them for three months.9. Tom is swimming in a p______.10. The food is d______. I like it very much.Ⅲ. 用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空。1. He often _______(read) a newspaper in the living room.2. Li Ming is______ (study) for a test now.3. The mother ______ (miss) her daughter very much.4. Do you like watching boat ______ ( race ) on TV?5. Listen! Kate ______ (sing) in the next room.6. Look! Two boys _____ (play) basketball over there.7. She ______ (swim) at the pool now.8. Tom ______ (write) a new novel these days.9. -What’s your sister doing? -She ______ (clean) her room.10. The giraffes are very ______ (friend) and interesting.Ⅳ.选词填空。1. School is______ not over, the students can’t leave ______. (yet, still)2. The old man lives in a big _______ alone. (home, family, house)3. I ______ at No. 1 Middle School. (study, learn)4. He won the 100-metere _______. (game, race)5. Please take ______ book you like. (some, any)参考谜底:Ⅰ. 英汉互译。

1. read a newspaper 2. 在电话中攀谈 3. go to the movies 4. 做汤 5. use the computer 6. 听唱片 7. see you tomorrow 8. 品茗 9. 电视节目 10. live with sb.Ⅱ. 凭据句意和首字母提示补全单词。1. shopping 2. movies 3. newspaper 4. use 5. tea 6. just 7. others 8. miss 9. pool 10. deliciousⅢ. 用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空。

1. reads 2. studying 3. misses 4. races 5. is singing 6. are playing 7. is swimming 8. is writing 9. is cleaning 10. friendlyⅣ.选词填空。1. still, yet 2. house 3. study 4. race 5. anyUnit6 重点句型剖析1.I’m watching TV.(1)这是一个现在举行时的陈述句,现在举行时表现说话的时候正在发生或者举行的行动。它的肯定句的句式是“主语 + be + doing +其他。”,意为“某人正在做……”;这个结构中的 be有人称和数的变化:am用于第一人称单数;is用于第三人称单数;其他的人称用are。

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例如: My father is watching TV now. 我的爸爸在看电视。I’m reading a newspaper. 我正在看报纸。They are playing basketball. 他们正在打篮球。(2)这个句式的否认句是在be 的后面加not, 把句子中某些相应的词做变化(如:把some 变为any等),意为“某人没有在做……”。

例如: My father isn’t cooking dinner. 我爸爸不在做饭。They are not drawing any pictures. 他们没有在画画。2.Is the man swimming in the river?这是现在举行时的一般疑问句形式,其结构为“Am/Is/Are+ 主语 + doing +其他?”,意为“某人正在干……吗?”。肯定回覆用:Yes, 主语 + be. 否认回覆用:No, 主语+be + not. 例如: -Are you reading books? 你正在念书吗? -Yes, I am. 是的,我在读。

-No, I am not. 不,我没有读。3. What are you doing?这是一个现在举行时的特殊疑问句,询问别人正在做什么。它的结构是“特殊疑问词+be+主语+doing+其他+?”。

对于特殊疑问句的回覆,要凭据实际情况来定。例如: -What is your mother doing? 你妈妈在做什么? -She is watering the flowers. 她在浇花。

-Who is playing the piano? 谁在弹钢琴? -My sister. 我姐姐/妹妹。-What’s she doing? 她正在做什么? -She is washing her clothes. 她正在洗衣服。4. I’d love to.I’d love to是由“I would love to…”缩写而来,常用往返答“Would you like to…?”提出的问句。其意与“I would like to…”相近,均表现“我想要……”。

would love / like 后只接名词或动词不定式。若去掉了would,表现“我喜欢……”,其后接名词、动词不定式或动名词。注意:I’d love /like to.的to不能省略。例如: — Would you love to go to the movies with me? 你愿意和我一起去看影戏吗? — Yes, I’d love to. 是的,我很愿意。

— Can you come to my birthday party? 你能来到场我的生日聚会吗? — Sure, I’d love / like to. 固然,我很愿意。5. Do you want to join me for dinner?join是动词,意为“到场,加入”。宾语有以下几种形式:(1)join + 表现团体或组织的名词,join意为“加入(某团体),成为……(成员)”。

例如: Yao Ming joined the NBA. 姚明加入了NBA。(2)join + 指人的名词或代词,join意为“加入……之中”。

例如: Will you join us for lunch? 和我们一起吃午饭好吗?(3)join +in + 运动类名词,join in意为“到场(运动)”。例如: Can you join in the game? 你能到场这个游戏吗?拓展:join; join in和take part in 的辨析:(1) join指加入某党派、某组织或某社会团体,以及参军等,并成为其中一员。例如: I joined the army in 1996. 我是1996年参军的。(2)join in指到场某项角逐或运动,常用于口语中,也可用于join sb in (doing) sth 意为“加入……(做)……”。

例如: May I join in the football match? 我可以到场这场足球角逐吗?(3)take part in指到场群众性的运动、集会、劳动、游行等,往往指到场者持有努力的态度,起一定作用,有时与join in交换。例如: I didn’t take part in the sports meeting yesterday because I was ill. 我没有到场昨天的运动会,因为我病了。6. Zhu Hui…wishes to have his mom’s delicious zongzi. wish 在句中作动词,意为“希望”,后面可接名词、代词或动词。

“wish to do”表现“希望做……”。此时,也可以和“hope to do”交换。

例如: I wish (hope) to have a new computer. 我希望有一台新电脑。拓展:wish 作动词时的其他常见用法:(1)wish sb. to do sth. 意为“希望某人做某事”,例如: He wishes us to stay here. 他希望我们留在这儿。(2)wish sb. sth. 意为“祝愿某人……”,例如: We wish her a happy birthday. 我们祝她生日快乐。

(3)wish + that从句 意为“希望……,要是……就好了”,例如: I wish I were young again. 要是我能返老还童就好了。练一练:Ⅰ. 凭据对话内容补全对话,每空一词。A: Hello,John. 1 are you doing?B: Hi,Bob.I’m doing my homework.A: Do you want to 2 tennis?B: That 3 boring.I 4 like tennis.A: What about 5 at the pool? It’s really hot today.B: Great! 6 do you want to go?A: Let’s go 7 four o’clock p. m.B: OK.A: 8 Tina there? What’s she doing?B: Yes,she is.She’s watching TV.The TV 9 is interesting.A: Does she want to go 10 us?B: I don’t think so.1.____ 2.____ 3.____ 4.____ 5.____6.____ 7.____ 8.____ 9.____ 10.____Ⅱ. 句型转换,每空一词。

1. Daming can join the Sports Club. (对划线部门提问) _______ club______ Daming join? 2. I’m doing my homework. (变为一般疑问句) _______ you doing ______ homework?3. Alice is writing a letter. (对划线部门提问) ______ ______ Alice _______?4. She often plays the violin. (用now 替换 often) She ______ ______ the violin now.5. Li Lei does his homework in the evening. (变为否认句) Li Lei______ ______ his homework in the evening.6. The students are waiting for their teachers.(就划线部门提问) ______ are the students ______ for?7. The girls are watching a movie at the cinema. (就划线部门提问) ______ _______ the girls _______ a movie?8. He wants to go to the shop. (就划线部门提问) ______ does he _______ to _______?9. He is reading a book. (改为否认句) He _______ ______ a book.10. -Is she opening the door?(作肯定回覆) -Yes, ______ ______.Ⅲ. 凭据汉语意思,完成句子,每空一词。1. 玛丽没有在学习英语,她在写信。Mary _____ ______ English. She ______ ______ a letter.2. 我妈妈正在车站等我。

My mother ______ ______ ______ me ______ the station.3. 那主意听起来不错。That idea _______ _______.4. 这里有我的一些照片。

Here ______ some of ______ ______.5. 今天上海天气怎么样? ______ the weather ______ in Shanghai today?6. 我怙恃正在客厅里看电视。My parents______ ______ _______ in the _______ ______.7. 你想和我一起吃晚饭吗? Do you want to ______ ______ for dinner?8. 多棒的主意啊!那听起来很有趣。What a great _______! _______ _______ interesting.9. 我想念我的老师们,希望不久见到他们。

I ______ my teachers and _______ _______ see them soon.10. -你愿意和我们一起去游泳吗? -是的,我愿意。-_______ you ______ ______ ______ swimming with us? -Yes, ______ _______ _______.参考谜底:Ⅰ. 凭据对话内容补全对话,每空一词。1. What 2. play 3. sounds 4. don’t 5. swimming6. When 7. at 8. Is 9. show 10. with Ⅱ. 句型转换,每空一词。1. What, can 2. Are, your 3. What is, doing 4. is playing 5. doesn’t do6. Who, waiting 7. Where are, watching 8. What, want, do 9. isn’t reading 10. she is Ⅲ. 凭据汉语意思,完成句子,每空一词。

1. isn’t studying, is writing 2. is waiting for, at 3. sounds good 4. are, my photos / pictures 5. What’s, like 6. are watching TV, living room7. join me 8. idea, That sounds 9. miss, wish/hope to 10. Would, like to go, I’d love to。


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